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Second generation of video games

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The second generation of video games (1976–1984) includes the Atari 2600, Intellivision, Odyssey 2, and ColecoVision.

See also: List of best-selling game consoles

As of 2004, the Atari 2600 has sold 30 million units.[1] As of 1990, the Intellivision has sold 3 million units.[2][3][4]

Sales figuresEdit

See also: List of best-selling game consoles
Console Units sold Launch price
Atari 2600 (1977) 24 million (1989)[5] $180-190 in 1977[6]
($703‑742 in 2014)
ColecoVision (1982) 6 million (1984)[7] $199 in 1982 ($488 in 2014)
Intellivision (1981) 3 million[2][3] (1990)[4] $299 in 1981 ($779 in 2014)
Magnavox Odyssey² (1978) 2 million[8] (1984) $179.95 in 1978[9] ($653 in 2014)
Sega SG‑1000 (1983) 2 million (1996)[10] ¥15,000 in 1983 ($228 in 2014)
Atari 5200 (1982) 1 million (1984)[11] $270 in 1982 ($662 in 2014)
Epoch Cassette Vision (1981) 300,000 (1982)[12] ¥13,500 in 1981 ($215 in 2014)
Fairchild Channel F (1976) 300,000 (1980)[13] $170[6] in 1976 ($707 in 2014)

Sales historyEdit

Year Sales
Channel
F
Atari Odyssey² INTV Epoch
CV
Coleco
Vision
Sega
SG-1000
2600 5200
1977
(US)
250,000[14] 250,000[15]
1978
(US)
550,000[15]
(+300,000)
1979
(US)
1 million[15]
(+450,000)
1980
(US)
300,000[13] 2 million[16][17]
(+1 million)
1981
(US)
6 million[18]
(+4 million)
(70-80%)
[19][20]
250,000
(4%)[20]
900,000
(15-20%)
[20][19]
1982 10 million[21]
(+4 million)
(70-75%)
(US)[19][22]
300,000
(Japan)
[12]
550,000[23]
(US)
1983 800,000
[24]
(US)
2 million[25]
(+1,450,000)
(US)
200,000
(Japan)[26]
1984 19 million
(global)
1 million[11]
(+200,000)
(US)
2 million
[8]
(global)
3 million
[2]
(global)
440,000
(+240,000)
(Japan)[26]
1985 20 million[27]
(+1 million)
(global)[28]
6 million[7]
(global)
720,000
(+280,000)
(Japan)[26]
1989 24 million[5]
(global)
1996 25 million (global)
(2600 & 5200)
2 million[10]
(global)

ReferencesEdit

  1. Atari VCS (Atari 2600). A Brief History of Game Console Warfare. BusinessWeek. Retrieved on 2007-12-04.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Mattel Intellivision - 1980-1984. ClassicGaming. IGN. Retrieved on 2008-05-16.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Ask Hal: Frequently Asked Questions to the Blue Sky Rangers. Intellivision Productions. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Timeline. Intellivision Productions. Retrieved on 2008-11-03.
  5. 5.0 5.1 http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19890211&id=QWcaAAAAIBAJ&sjid=zysEAAAAIBAJ&pg=4038,2242488
  6. 6.0 6.1 http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2206&dat=19771220&id=bDs0AAAAIBAJ&sjid=yOsFAAAAIBAJ&pg=2946,4068969
  7. 7.0 7.1 ColecoVision - 1982-1984. ClassicGaming. IGN. Archived from the original on 2008-02-16. Retrieved on 2008-05-16.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Magnavox Odyssey 2. IGN. Retrieved on 2011-08-27.
  9. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1755&dat=19781210&id=MJwcAAAAIBAJ&sjid=jmcEAAAAIBAJ&pg=3753,5716072
  10. 10.0 10.1 http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=6CS7AAAAIAAJ&q=sg-1000
  11. 11.0 11.1 Schrage, Michael (1984-05-22). "Atari Introduces Game In Attempt for Survival". Washington Post: C3. "The company has stopped producing its 5200 SuperSystem games player, more than 1 million of which were sold."
  12. 12.0 12.1 http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:poA6dh5qvgIJ:ousar.lib.okayama-u.ac.jp/file/40488/oer_037_1_063_088.pdf
  13. 13.0 13.1 http://www.digitpress.com/library/magazines/video/video_dec81.pdf#page=4
  14. Gareth R. Jones; Charles W.L. Hill (2007). Strategic management: an integrated approach (7th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. p. C-123. ISBN 0-618-73166-0. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=P8q5AAAAIAAJ&q=%22By+this+point,+second-place+Fairchild+sold+around+250000+units%22&dq=%22By+this+point,+second-place+Fairchild+sold+around+250000+units%22&hl=en&sa=X&ei=6-FIT4SdB6mb1AX0zsSVDg&ved=0CDcQ6AEwAA. Retrieved 25 February 2012. "By this point, second-place Fairchild sold around 250,000 units of its system."
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 http://www.gamasutra.com/features/20051221/Droidmaker.Ch18.pdf
  16. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1499&dat=19800826&id=3OAjAAAAIBAJ&sjid=tSsEAAAAIBAJ&pg=2734,3092761
  17. http://www.2600connection.com/articles/arcade_alley/arcade_alley_dec80.pdf
  18. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2206&dat=19820317&id=zoEmAAAAIBAJ&sjid=VAEGAAAAIBAJ&pg=2694,1926878
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2206&dat=19821025&id=u9wlAAAAIBAJ&sjid=J_MFAAAAIBAJ&pg=4028,2960761
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1915&dat=19820306&id=jQEhAAAAIBAJ&sjid=SXUFAAAAIBAJ&pg=4884,1190162
  21. "Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition 2008", Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition (Guinness World Records): p. 24, 2008, ISBN 1-904994-21-0, http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=OJQFSlyMEfAC, retrieved 2011-04-11, "10 million - number of Atari 2600 consoles sold by 1982. 7 million - estimated number of copies of Pac-Man for the Atari 2600 sold."
  22. http://www.nytimes.com/1982/07/01/business/video-games-to-to-hollywood.html
  23. "Coleco hits with home video games", Business Week: 31, 1983-01-24, "Most of 1982's action was in the second half, when Coleco shipped 550,000 ColecoVision game machines--which sell for $169 to $189--booking orders for nearly that many more."
  24. "Coleco Strong In Marketing", New York Times, 1983-08-01, "Since its introduction last fall, Colecovision has sold about 1.4 million units...Of that total, about 900,000 were sold this year, compared with 800,000 units by Atari and 300,000 by Mattel."
  25. Coleco Industries sales report, PR Newswire, 1984-04-17, "'First quarter sales of ColecoVision were substantial, although much less Template:Sic those for the year ago quarter,' Greenberg said in a prepared statement. He said the company has sold 2 million ColecoVision games since its introduction in 1982."
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Hardware Shipments (Japan)
  27. http://www.nytimes.com/1986/09/27/business/video-games-once-zapped-in-comeback.html
  28. http://mcurrent.name/atarihistory/tramel_technology.html



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